oil on linen (2017) - 18x14x1 - ARTIST STATEMENT: This painting depicts Peter Stuyvesant, in 1645, angrily reacting to the colonists of New Amsterdam (later to become New York) who petitioned for religious liberty with a document called the Flushing Remonstrance (crafted in Flushing, New York). Stuyvesant was the “Governor” put in power by his employer, the Dutch West India Company. He rejected the colonists appeal and they sent their petition to Amsterdam where it was approved. This is the beginning of religious tolerance and freedom of speech in the American colonies. I am infatuated with this story and love the First Amendment. Sandpaper was used between coats of paint to remind us that freedom doesn’t come easy or without sacrifice.